A transfer case is an essential component of a four-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive vehicle that transfers power from the transmission to the front and rear wheels. It acts as a supplementary gearbox that provides power to the axles, allowing them to work independently or together.
But why is a transfer case so important? Continue reading the reasons why your vehicle needs a transfer case.
Enhanced Traction and Performance
The transfer case is responsible for powering the front and rear wheels. It distributes power evenly to each axle depending on the driving conditions. In situations where traction is crucial, such as on slippery roads or off-road terrains, the transfer case reduces the speed of the driving wheels. This increases the torque to the non-driving wheels, improving traction.
Improved Control and Handling
The transfer case distributes power between the front and rear axles, allowing them to work independently or together, depending on the driving conditions. This helps prevent oversteering or understeering, ensuring the vehicle stays on course and responds precisely to driver input.
A transfer case is crucial for the off-road capabilities of all-wheel-drive and four-wheel-drive vehicles. It allows the driver to use low-range gears for increased torque when navigating challenging terrain, such as steep inclines or rocky paths. The transfer case also improves the vehicle’s ability to crawl, allowing for slow and controlled movements. This enables the driver to maintain maximum control over the vehicle’s movements.
Stronger Towing Power
Towing boats, campers, and trailers occurs no matter the season. The transfer case makes towing an effortless process.
Transfer cases supply power equally across the entire vehicle. As a result, the weight of the vehicle and the towed cargo is proportionate. It won’t sag in the rear or become unmanageable to steer. The transfer case prevents potential issues like trouble handling, increased tire wear, and poor fuel economy.
Better Fuel Economy
Contrary to popular belief, having a four-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive vehicle with a transfer case doesn’t necessarily mean lower fuel economy. In fact, modern transfer cases disengage the front or rear axle when not needed. The drag reduction results in improved fuel economy for an amazingly efficient vehicle.
It’s clear that there are many reasons your vehicle needs a transfer case to run. When you’re aware of the part’s power and impact, you’ll do everything you can to make sure it works properly.
You can ensure your transfer case functions safely by understanding the common causes of a failing transfer case. You want to double-check that poor handling, difficulty shifting gears, and increased wear and tear don’t occur in the future.